Poltava Oblast is the central Ukrainian region. Nearly the whole territory of oblast is situated in the left-bank Ukraine. The area of the region is 28, 748 sq. km. and the population – 1, 5 mln people. The administrative center is Poltava; among other large towns are Kremenchug, Lubny, Myrgorod, and Komsomol'sk. The region is divided into 25 districts, 15 towns and nearly 2000 villages.
Until IX century the territory of Poltava Oblast was inhabited by the Slavic people who laid the basis for agriculture because of favorable climate conditions. Mongol Tatars have also made a big contribution to the culture and economy of the region. Another important stage of Poltava Oblast development began when it became a part of the Russian Empire. In 1802 Poltava province was created after the collapse of Little Russia.
The climate is moderately continental with warm summer and mild winter. The region is rich in water resources; there are 62 rivers on the territory. The largest are the Vorskla, the Sula, etc.
Many famous and significant personalities were born in Poltava Oblast; among them are the great Ukrainian writer Nikolai Gogol, Ukrainian play writer Ivan Kotlyarevsky, hetman Simon Petlyura and many others.
Speaking about sights, we recommend visiting such places as the house museum of Nikolai Gogol, the state nature reserve of famous pedagogue A. Makarenko, the mansion of Ukrainian writer and philosopher G. Scovoroda, the house museum of Ivan Kotlyarevsky, the triumphal arch which dates back to 1820, the monument on the grave of Kotlyarevsky which was put up in 1898. Just 16 km far from Myrgorod is the village Gogolevo where Nikolai Gogol spent his childhood, another village near Myrgorod is Large Sorochincy where a famous annual event Sorochinskaya Fair about which Gogol wrote his famous novel takes place. Those who travel to Ukraine and want to feel the real spirit of this country and to hear the language which is considered the canonical Ukrainian language must visit Poltava Oblast.