Ternopil Oblast is the western region in Ukraine. The area of it is 13 800 sq. km which makes it one of the smallest Ukrainian oblasts, the population – 1, 1 mln people. The region is divided into 18 districts and 17 towns. The administrative center of the oblast is the city Ternopil. Among other big towns are Kremenets, Borshev, Zborov, Chortkov and others. Ternopil Oblast is considered to be the most mononational region in Ukraine – 97% of people are Ukrainians, 1% of Russians, 0, 3% of Poles, 0, 1% of Byelorussians and small amount of other nationalities.
As many Ukrainian regions especially western ones, Ternopil Oblast was under the power of many nations. In 1672 the large part of a territory was in the possession of Turkey, in 10 years Poland got the territory back and in 1772 Austria conquered it. Though the conditions for national development were not favourable, Ukrainians organized their brotherhoods, schools and gymnasiums.
The climate is moderately continental with warm humid summer and mild winter. The average temperature in winter is -5 degrees, in summer – +19. There are 120 rivers in the region, the main one is the Dniester.
The biggest amount of medieval monuments are kept in Ternopil Oblast, it includes castles, fortresses, churches and synagogues, palaces and town halls. Everybody who have travelled to Ukraine are impressed by these majestic buildings. The most beautiful landscapes you can observe near the rivers Dniester, Zbruch, Strypa and the Dniester canyon which is the longest in Europe. The highest Ukrainian waterfall Dzhurinsky and Rusilovskie waterfalls are the perfect places for spending a honeymoon. Speaking about architectural monuments we must name the palace of Vishevetsky magnats which was built in XVIII century, an ancient palace in village Zalevshiki, the castle of 1630 year in town Skalat, Pochaevskaya Lavra in Pochaev and many other architectural masterpieces.
Ternopil Oblast is the region where old Ukrainian traditions are still preserved, where medieval castles are surrounded by virgin nature and clean rivers.