Zaporizhia Oblast is the south-eastern Ukrainian region. It borders on Kherson Oblast in the west, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the north, Donetsk Oblast in the east and is washed by the Sea of Azov in the south. The area of the region is 22, 8 thousand sq. km, the population is 1, 8 mln people. The administrative center of the oblast is the city Zaporizhie, other large cities are Melitopol, Berdyansk, Energodar, Tokmak. Zaporizhia Oblast is divided into 20 districts and 7 towns.
The territory of the region was populated even in ancient times. After Ukraine was enslaved by Poland, it was occupied by Cossacks, peasants, etc. They cultivated rich lands near the Dnieper and formed Zaporizhian Sich in XVI century with the center on the island Khortytsia. In 1770 was buit Aleksandrovskaya fortress on the territory of modern Zaporizhia. After the liquidation of Zaporizhian Sich the land was in different guberniyas. German colonists, Jews, Bulgarians, the sect of the Dukhobors and others came there. Agriculture was the base of economy for a long time, the development of industry began only in XIX century. Modern Zaporizhia Oblast was founded in 1939.
The climate is moderately continental, winter is cold with little snow, summer is dry and hot. There are a lot of rivers; the biggest of them are the Dnieper, the Haychur, the Molochnaya and the Berda.
The main reason why people who travel to Ukraine visit Zaporizhie Oblast is the island Khortytsia. The biggest island on the Dnieper was a home to significant Zaporizhian Sich. You can visit open air museum there and see how Cossacks lived. Theatrical performances and festivals also take place on Khortytsia. Kamyana Mohyla in the Molochna River valley is the archeological site with ancient stone tombs. Among other sights are Popov castle, Panskiy font, nunnery in a village Tsarkut, etc.